FEMINIZATION OF LABOUR MARKET INEQUALITY IN NIGERIA AND UKRAINE

Nwaoduh E.O. Nwaoduh E.O.

Анотація


In this paper, the causes and nature of labour market inequality as factors of feminisation of poverty have been identified; their similarities and differences have also been represented and explained as they exist in Nigeria and Ukraine. The main aim of this research is to describe the current situation and to explain feminisation of poverty in the labour market with particular reference to gender gap in incomes. This is achieved by comparing the processes in each society; discovering the differences and similarities between both, the causes and possible effects if nothing is done to change the situation and remedies to reduce the problem. The research tries to unravel the situation and reasons behind the higher susceptibility of women to poverty. It identified factors that encourage the feminisation of poverty in each of the two countries. It investigates if the Nigerian and Ukrainian societies have factors that predispose women more to poverty; how these factors operate and how they are similar or dissimilar to each other. It explains that women’s disadvantaged positions due to their maternity roles, which leads to their   labour being priced cheaper and wage gap between men and women, unequal domestic obligations, traditional patriarchal culture, unpaid domestic labour, attitude towards low wages, vertical and horizontal segregation and gendered educational career path are also causes of gender inequality in the labour market. It is concluded that the structure of the societies give room for higher female poverty and the Nigerian and Ukrainian labour markets are segmented with women facing some peculiar discrimination.

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ISSN 2311-214X 

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